The Tonle Sap in Khmer which means “great river of fresh water,” but that most commonly translated as “Great Lake”) is a hydrological system combined lake and river, of paramount importance to the Camboge. The lake is the largest freshwater lake in South East Asia and a major site of ecologically, recognized as a UNESCO biosphere in 1997.
The second largest city, Battambang, is founded in the eleventh century on the banks of the River Sangker. Surrounded by plains considered the breadbasket of Cambodia, Battambang has an important place in the economy. Some elements of colonial architecture, a key market and beautiful surroundings make the charm of Battambang.
Siem Reap is situated close to the archaeological complex of Angkor and about 314 km north-northwest of the capital Phnom Penh. Siem Reap has colonial and Chinese-style architecture including the French Quarter and around the Old Market. In town there are Apsara dance festivals, craft shops, sericulture farms, rice fields, fishing villages and sanctuaries for birds near the Tonle Sap Lake.
Angkor consists of many significant archaeological sites, including Angkor Central: Angkor Wat, Ta Prohm Kel, Phnom Bakheng Baksei Chamkrong, Prasat Bei, Thma Bay Kaek, Angkor Thom (Baphuon Bayon, Phimeanakas, King of the Elephants Terrace, Terrace King lepers, Tep Pranam, Preah Palilay, Preah Pithu, Prasat Suor Prat, Mangalartha, Khleang)
Sihanoukville, formerly Kompong Som, is the only seaport in deep water Camboge the south of the country. It was renamed in honor of Norodom Sihanouk, the former king of Cambodia.
The city is connected to Phnom Penh by a railway (230 km) in poor condition. Increasingly, the majority of freight transport is by trucks on the excellent national road that connects Phnom Penh 4 and Sihanoukville in 4-5 hours time. Sihanoukville International Airport, located 12 km east of the city, is managed by the French group Vinci but no scheduled flights there is effective.